Why are REIT subsidiaries taxable?

What is a taxable REIT subsidiary? A taxable REIT subsidiary (TRS) is a corporation owned by a REIT that elects to be taxed at the regular corporate income tax rate. TRSs provide REITs the flexibility to hold, up to 20% of their total assets, entities that otherwise wouldn’t be permissible in the REIT structure.

Can a REIT have a subsidiary?

A taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”) is a corporation that is owned directly or indirectly by a REIT and has jointly elected with the REIT to be treated as a TRS for tax purposes. … By way of background, the TRS was introduced by the Tax Relief Extension Act of 1999 to provide REITs with additional flexibility.

How are REITs taxed in a taxable account?

If you hold your REITs in a standard (taxable) brokerage account, most of your REIT dividends will be treated as ordinary income. However, it’s possible that some portion of your REIT dividends will meet the IRS definition of qualified dividends, and that some could be considered a non-taxable return of capital.

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Is REIT income taxable?

The majority of REIT dividends are taxed as ordinary income up to the maximum rate of 37% (returning to 39.6% in 2026), plus a separate 3.8% surtax on investment income. Taxpayers may also generally deduct 20% of the combined qualified business income amount which includes Qualified REIT Dividends through Dec.

How do REITs avoid double taxation?

Unlike other U.S. corporations, eligible REITs structures are not subject to double taxation. REITs avoid corporate-level income tax via deductions for dividends paid to shareholders. Shareholders may then enjoy preferential U.S. tax rates on dividend distributions from the REIT.

Can a REIT be a LLC?

Any entity that would be treated as a domestic corporation for federal income tax purposes but for the ReIT election may qualify for treatment as a ReIT. … The net effect of these rules is that an entity formed as a trust, partnership, limited liability company or corporation can be a ReIT.

What is a qualified REIT subsidiary?

(2) Qualified REIT subsidiary For purposes of this subsection, the term “qualified REIT subsidiary” means any corporation if 100 percent of the stock of such corporation is held by the real estate investment trust. Such term shall not include a taxable REIT subsidiary.

Are REIT dividends taxable if reinvested?

The tax rules governing REITs promote the payout of profits to investors in the form of dividends. Those same rules mean that investors must pay taxes on those dividends, even if they are reinvested into more REIT shares.

Where do I report REIT income on tax return?

If you own shares in a REIT, you should receive a copy of IRS Form 1099-DIV each year. This tells you how much you received in dividends and what kind of dividends they were: Ordinary income dividends are reported in Box 1. Capital gains distributions are generally reported in Box 2a.

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Which ETF is best for taxable account?

The Best ETFs for Taxable Accounts

  • IVV – iShares Core S&P 500 ETF. …
  • ITOT – iShares Core S&P Total U.S. Stock Market ETF. …
  • IXUS – iShares Core MSCI Total International Stock ETF. …
  • VUG – Vanguard Growth ETF. …
  • VTEB – Vanguard Tax-Exempt Bond ETF. …
  • VGIT – Vanguard Intermediate-Term Treasury ETF.

Why are REITs a bad investment?

The biggest pitfall with REITs is they don’t offer much capital appreciation. That’s because REITs must pay 90% of their taxable income back to investors which significantly reduces their ability to invest back into properties to raise their value or to purchase new holdings.

Is REIT income considered earned income?

Specifically, REIT dividends are generally considered to be pass-through income, similar to money earned by an LLC and passed through to its owners. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act created a tax deduction called the qualified business income deduction, or QBI deduction for short.

Why do REITs pay high dividends?

REITs dividends are substantial because they are required to distribute at least 90 percent of their taxable income to their shareholders annually. Their dividends are fueled by the stable stream of contractual rents paid by the tenants of their properties.

What is the main advantage of a REIT over a company?

Compared to a direct residential or commercial property investment, A-REITs can be easily bought and sold on the ASX, like shares. And unlike direct property, they give you the ability to gradually build or sell part of your investment, rather than buying or selling an entire property.

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Do REITs pass-through losses?

Finally, a REIT is not a pass-through entity. This means that, unlike a partnership, a REIT cannot pass any tax losses through to its investors.

Can I hold a REIT in my TFSA?

You can use the investments in your TFSA towards a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT). REITs are registered fund eligible so that you can invest through existing or new TFSA accounts. … Usually, you can defer paying taxes until you sell your REIT investment, holding more money each year to spend or reinvest.